NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA OVERVIEW
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area spans vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, savanna woodlands, and forests. Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional livestock grazing, it includes the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera. The property has global importance for biodiversity conservation due to the presence of globally threatened species, the density of wildlife inhabiting the area, and the annual migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles, and other animals into the northern plains. Extensive archaeological research has also yielded a long sequence of evidence of human evolution and human-environment dynamics, including early hominid footprints dating back 3.6 million years.
WHY VISIT NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA?
The area being between the Great Rift Valley and Serengeti, is home to a variety of ecosystems including highland plains, savannah, grassland, forests, and marshlands. This creates a diverse landscape that offers habitats well-suited to a wide range of wildlife.
Travelers visiting it can enjoy a number of incredible and unique experiences such as: exploring its nine volcanic craters (one of which is the largest unbroken volcanic caldera in the world), viewing the dense wildlife populations – including the Big 5, observing Ngorongoro’s abundant prolific birdlife, and witnessing the evolution of the human race at Olduvai Gorge.
The walls of the Ngorongoro Crater contain a natural Eden where wildlife thrives and remains largely untouched by the threats posed by humanity. While many of the species can choose to leave this area, Ngorongoro remains rich with both incredible flora and fauna year-round.